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CIUS oral history project
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Bagan, Alex

Was born on ?????? (cannot hear) 14 , 1901 in a village of Peremeliv of the Huchatyns’kyi povit. He is a Greek-Catholic. Had 2 older sisters. After serving in Polish army, came to Canada in 1927. During WWI was fighting in the Halyts’ka Ukrains’ka armiia. Had 4 grades of education (in a village school). He was almost 17 when he was forced to go to the Ukrainian army. Was fighting in Zolochiv, Babyna Hora, Pidhaichyky in 1918. Ran away home from the front. The Poles came and occupied them. He was forced to join the Polish army. He was then near Warsaw in 1922. There was, though, no discrimination against Ukranians in Polish army. He chose to go to Canada because the family had no means to survive. There was his extended family in Canada (left in 1899). He loaned money for the trip from wealthier villagers and had to pay back 70% interest. He made sure not to work on a farm but for a company (only during the Depression he would work on farms). On May 8, 1927 he already came to Edmonton. They did not let them get off in Winnipeg but made them go to Edmonton for an additional price of $7. Was lucky to get a job in a forest. Then work on harvesting. went to Lamont and got a job on a farm of an Englishman; then on a border between Alberta & Saskatchewan. Then worked in Genek (???). Then went to Winnipeg in the fall of 1928. During the Depression he belonged to the Ukrainian organization “KROV” (???)
When was forced to join the Ukrainian Army in 1918 he was charged with desertion, and got 25 beatings.
During the Depression he had multiple little jobs that paid little. He married a Ukrainian woman in 1937.

Bayrak, Mykhailo

Part 1: Born on May 23, 1900 in a village of Hadynki (???) Buchatyn povit (??)
In 1918 was conscripted to an Austrian army. His father was interned by the Poles. Came to Canada in 1926 (his cousin sent him an affidavit from Canada), to Saskatchewan where his cousin was working on a railway. In 1928 he came to Edmonton. In Patfiner (??) was a Narodnyi Dim. In Edmonton, there was Narodnyi Dim and Instytut Hrushevs’koho. Ukrains’ka Strilets’ka Hromada appeared in 1928. Communitsts vs. Sichovi stril’tsi. Bohdan Zelenyi (??) as the first head of Strilets’ka Hromada. UNO was organized in 1932. Colonel Konovalets’ from OUN came to Edmonton in 1928 asking for support. Also, Mel’nychuk visited, Shushko, and several other known personalities. Lawyer Mr. Romaniuk in Toronto had most contacts with Konovalets’. Ridna shkola was organized in about 1931.

Part 2: Avramenko and dance groups; UNO transferring its headquarters to Saskatoon in 1933. ‘Novyi shliakh’; CUC; WWII; helping DPs in camps with parcels; relations with the arriving DPs. Andriy Zhmun’ko (??) from the old immigration, Malynka (??). Volodymyr Kosar.

Bozek, Anna

Nee Kachuriak was born on May 10, 1909. Had 6 siblings. Father was sent to the Siberia for 4,5 years. Her husband went to Canada in 1926 and she joined him in 1932 (travelled from Rotterdam to Halifax). Her husband organized building a Ukrainian church in Timmins (Pashchyn (???), Podolian, Plaskovis (???). Mr. & Mrs. Rysak; Mike Tyshliuk; Mr. & Mrs. Klapushchak as donors) in about 1945. UNO Hall (Roshchyns’kyi (??), Slots’kyi (??)). Orthodox priest had services in the Hall. Communists. ‘Ridna shkola’; Father Horoshko, Motryns’kyi; a fight after selling the Natsional’nyi dim; DPs; discrimination of Ukrainians in the 1930s; Women’s organization.

Dubas, Michael

Part 1: Born in 1914 in Halychyna, in a town between Lviv and Ternopil; his father was a POW during the WWI and died soon after release; mother remarried a man with the same last name (Dubas), who went to Canada in 1926, while Michael, his mother and half-sister joined him in 1931; they went on a Samara ship (Warsaw - Belgium - Paris - New York - Montreal - ?????); 1929- Pacification in Halychyna; Semenchiv (??) in Ukrainian community in Canada, helping Karpatska Ukraina; Ukrainians in concentration camps; he is Ukrainian Catholic; local Communists, Mrs. Zavads’ka (??); Dubas’s 5 children; his wife’s (nee - Mykolaichuk); relations of Ukrainians with the French and English in Canada; Bohdan Mykytiuk (??); WWII, Dubas’s brother was in the army; DPs.

Part 2: DPs; Fr. Kravchuk (??); Dubas’ children and Ukrainian identity.

Dzurman, B. (Reverent)

Part 1: Born on January 17, 1913 in Toronto; his parents came in 1908 from Halychyna; had a brother and 3 sisters; attended Ukrainian classes; after High School decided to be a priest, got a degree in University of Eastern Ontario; he did not know Ukrainian when he went to school; Ukrainian National Federation; Ukrainian Communists, Labor Temple; Dr. Riadkevych(??); Fr. Hryhoriichuk (??); Fr. Coldson (??); Fr. Kryvuts’kyi; Fr. Hryhoriichuk (???) established ???????? students in Toronto; Dzutman on becoming a priest; his parents had personal experience with discrimination; Orthodox church in Toronto; Bishop Kib (??) of London; Fr. Mavryk (???) was a long time secretary to Bishop Ladyka (??); an Eastern Right Day in the seminary; Fr. Labar (??); Ukrainian National Federation and its choir; Mrs. Hlushko (??); the Semchyshyns (??); description of the Ukrainian community of London before the war; working to Portage-La-Prairie; Prosvita in Portage-La-Prairie; CUC; korovai in Ukrainian weddings.

Part 2: Coming to Toronto; services in French Catholic church; 3 parishes in Toronto; Ukrainian carols on the Trans-Canada Ukrainian radio program; Belshinskyi (??) - President for Eastern Canada; Mr. Loratskyi (??) took over the choir; Dr. Kapusta (??); Sudbury after WWII; children summer camp run by the nuns; after Sudbury went to the missionary assistants; then moved to Sault Ste. Catherine (??) - a small parish; then a parish in Hamilton; then to Windsor for 12 years; accommodating to mixed marriages; difference between pre-war and after-war parishes; local Ukrainian Communists; the future of Ukrainian parishes.

Gryschuk, Alex

Part 1: Born in 1902 in the village of Toporivtsi, in Horelenka povit, Halychyna; his wife - Mariia Markovs’ka; he came to Canada on June 15, 1928; WWI events, occupation of Halychyna and Subcarpathia, Austrian army; he had 10 siblings; he returned from the army in 1925, married in 1927; Sotsialistychna radykal’na partiia; went to Canada with 2 his neighbours (Gdansk - Liverpool - London - Quebec), then via Winnipeg to Kryla(???); trip cost $180 + $50 “for the show”; then came to work to Prince Island - Jasek Morawsky(??); Ukrainian identity; Sichovi stril’tsi, Chytal’nia; going to Prince Island; Vasyl’ Vasylyniuk; hard manual labor on a construction of a mill (??).

Part 2: Hard work in a mine, was fired; coming to a town of Depres (??) in 1930; elections in 1930; working 75 miles way from Port Church (constructing roads), quitting; going to Winnipeg; Robitnycha orhanizatsia in Dupas (??) in 1930; Communists; his sister came to Canada in 1930; Vasyl’ Horobets’ (??); priests; his sister helped him to get a job; nationalists built their hall in Hudson Bay; back to working in a mine; Robitnychyi Dim (Vasyl’ Mykytiv (??), Ivan Markovs’kyi, Stefan Kryzh, Ivan Parastiuk, Vasyl’ Maiborod (??)), he was a secretary for a short time.

Part 3: Robitnychyi Dim, Communists; when Gryschuk was a Secretary, Vasyl’ Mandryk was the Head; women’s section of Robitnychyi Dim; WWII, Police suspecting Communists from their organization; unions, union strikes; Hutchinson (??), looking for a job in Timmins during the strike; elections at the Robitnychyi Dim; plays in the amature thatre; finding jobs for Communists; DPs; Konovalets’; WWII, Stalin’s Pact with Hitler; Skrypnyk; Gryschuk’s visit to Ukraine; strike in Timmins in 1953 (3 months long); a coop in Timmins; turning their Hall into a museum of Ukrainian culture.

Part 4: Narodnyi Dim; connections with other ethnic groups; local church (priest fled to the USA in 1936 after a scandal); history of religion: Bishop Iosyf Akutsynskyi (??); haiduky and turning Orthodox people into Catholics.

Karasevich, Marie

Part 1: Nee - Skubynski (??). Born in 1914; father was an Orthodox from Bukovyna (came to Canada in 1907) and mother a Catholic from Halychyna (came in 1908); parents married in 1910; no religious quarrels in the family; Ukrainian communion; Fr. Buchyns’kyi (??); attitudes of other ethnic groups towards Ukrainians; Prosvita; social activities in Ukrainian community (picnics, plays, social dances, choir, church concerts); Prosvita - Catholic children then. Karasevich became strong Orthodox after her marriage. Bishop Khimii (??) - her relative and a secretary to the Pope (??); her husband voluntarily went to the war; WWII events; her husband Ivan Karasevich came to Winnipeg in 1921 to study at the University of Manitoba, and stayed at Skubynski’s house (Ivan’a father had a farm in Sich, Manitoba); they married in 1935; Vasyl Svystun was running a Bursa in Winnipeg; student group “Prometei”; SUMC; Hetmantsi; Karasevich a member of SUMC.

Part 2: Svystun as a person; a scandal over transmitting Sluzhba Bozha over a radio; UNO helping during the WWII; Fr. Kushnir was a friend of her mother; CUC engaging the most of educated Ukrainians; Semen Savchuk (??); Myroslav Stechyshyn (??); Ivan Karasevich went overseas in 1941, to England, and returned in 1944; Ukrainian Veterans’ Organization; Marie gave $500 for founding a Ukrainian Legion (??); Panchuk and DPs; Vasylyshyn; DPs coming to Canada; Dr. Mandryka was pushed out from the organization; some DPs not appreciating other Ukrainians in Canada; Marie did not want certain things on tape: about her father-in-law, Bishop Khmii’s brother, and Svystun.

Karpish, Peter

Part 1: Born in Ternopil’ oblast’, Terebovlia raion, a village of Kobylyky (now Zhovtneve), on December 30, 1901; his wife is Mariia Dukhnits’ka (??), she is from the same village; he went to a school in his village till 1914; in 1917 he was conscripted to the Ukrains’ka halyts’ka armiia; underwent military training in Ternopil’; escaped from a POW camp, was hiding; in 1921 was conscripted in the Polish Army, served 18 months in Chenstochow; in 1925 came home and left for Canada (Antwerp - St. John in New Brunswick); had relatives in Winnipeg and started working on a railway; then went to Fort Frances (???) to work at a paper plant (??); there his friend and relative Mykhailo Halandzhi (??) introduced him to Ukrainian organizations; Karpish in 1926 became a member of a political organization and of Ukrains’kyi farmers’kyi Dim; in 1928 went to Winnipeg for a 6 months course; Prosvita in St. Frances; cultural-education work of organizations in St. Frances; Andriy Dorets’kyi (??); Kaprish visited Ukraine 4 times, the most recent visit in 1979; discrimination towards Ukrainians at the beginning; after St. Frances went to Brantford, ON; after Depression began he went to a place Thor (??) near St. Catherine’s, was working in a cooperative; then moved to ?????Kilkanyk(????) in 1931-32; protests (“bread or job!”), arrests, and deportations; protests against Polonization of Western Ukraine, Tovarystvo dopomohy vyzvil’nomu rukhu na Zakhidnii Ukraini (ToDoVyRnaZU); dopomoha poterpilym vid poveni; Strilets’ka hromada; OUN-UNO; an attack on the Robitnychyi Dim; in 1933 Karpish was teaching in Ottawa; voting for the uprava; from 1934 through 1939 Karpish was in Sudbury; then the Central Committee sent him to Biltmore (??) where a Robitnychyi Dim was to be built; Central Committee: Ivan Boychuk (??) the Secretary, Popovych, Vavizivs’kyi (??), Shatul’s’kyi, etc); the Central Committee was later transferred from Winnipeg to Toronto; in Annie Molt Road (??) where Ukrainian farmers had own Farmers’ Organization.

Part 2: Ukrainian community in Ottawa; Strilets’ka hromada; WWII - Hitler-Stalin Pact; Kaprish was teaching in Geraldton (??); working in a Committee dopomohy syrotam, Chervoniy armii, got an award for that; Government confiscating Robitnychi Domy and transferring them to the Nationalists groups; he worked in a mine in Bidart (??), got there an ulcer and went to Winnipeg to recover; then worked in a cooperative, then in an evening school teaching Ukrainian language, music, and History; taking 6-months courses in Winnipeg in 1928 and 1936 (teachers: Tsymbay (??), Dr. Hrach (??), Petro Prokopchak): History of Ukraine, political economy, geography, music, arithmetics, grammar, ets; amature theater plays they staged (Natlka-Poltavka, Ne khody, Hrytsiu; comedies; then later Soviet plays); Shevchenko concert and other big name people’s concerts; 1st Soviet delegation came to Canada in 1945; Soviet Ambassador granting citizenship of Soviet Ukraine to Ukrainians in Canada; Communist Party in Canada; UNO and Banderivtsi causing troubles for Narodnyi Dim; DPs in Canada; CUC; Lobayivtsi group (???); Lobay; Matviy Popovych; Lobay was an editor of “Robitnychi visti”; problems with DPs; changing the name of Narodnyi Dim; Orhanizatsia vzajemodopomohy; Women’s section, Youth section in Robitnychyi Dim and their functions (Vynohradova, Tsukarenko, Moychukova); holod in Ukraine in 1933 (not Holodomor!); Karpats’ka Ukraina as a funny joke; Komitet slov’ian - Karpish was its secretary in 1954.

Part 3: Komitet slov’ian and its functions; 1st Delegation from Soviet Ukraine in the 1950s; Cold War events; Sudbury - International ???? Company; Robitnychyi Dim built in 1918 - initially was called “Prosvita im. Ivana Franka”; present-day activities; mandolin orchestra; Communist Party in Canada.

Konopka, Volodymyr

Part 1: Born in 1906 in a village of Pidhorody, Rohatyn povit; came to Canada in 1928, to Saskatoon; immediately got a job in the organization of Ukrainian Catholics; Kosar; was offered to be a member of the Strilets’ka hromada but he could not accept; before his emigration was persecuted; Oleksa Hnatiuk; Ivashchuk; he worked at the Hnatiuk’s restaurant; Sushko taught them History; Verbyts’kyi; visit of Konovalets’ in 1939; Strilets’ka hromada; General Korbanovych (??); Fr. Ivashko (??); priests against nationalism back then; CUC, Prof. Simpson and Prof. Chekailo (??); Het’mantsi; Samostiinyky; Novyi shliakh; attepts to free Bandera in 1934.

Part 2: Raising money to free Bandera in 1934; Novyi shliakh; Dr. Pohoretskyi (??); big UNO community; Ridna shkola; 1st Head - Kotliarovs’kyi; Konopka was on committees; Kosar; UNO; Mrs. Pavliuchenko; WWII, Communists; Prof. Pavliuchenko; Sushko and Hrybins’kyi were sent to Ukraine surreptitiously; secret channels of information from Ukraine; Vasylyshyn, member of UVO and OUN; Banerivtsi; DPs and their political affiliations, Proshak; Komitet vidrodzhennia UNO.

Lapchuk, Ann

Part 1: Her parents were from Halychyna; after arriving to Canada her father stayed in the Port Arthur’s area; her father was conscious of his Ukrainianness; Depression hardships; evening Ukrainian school in Canada, teacher Drabyk (??), girls mandoline group; Kravchuk; Panchyshyn; she was sent to Winnipeg for a 6-months instruction and then moved to Regina; she was teaching at a Ukrainian school then; proud to be Ukrainian in Canada; went to visit Ukraine in 1956 (??); teaching in Thunder Bay; Winnipeg College Fond (?????) in 1936 - Hutsuliak, Prokopchuk (the Director of the College); daily regiment, classes, and social life at the College; her father-in-law was the founder of the Workers Benevolent organization in Regina.

Part 2: Political education (awareness of the USSR, Ukrainian SSR); in 1922 they collected money to assist the starving in the USSR; Lobay and Kobzey leaving LFTA; John Kolasky (his book and statements); Communist Party of Canada (CPC); loss of the property of the Communist organizations in Canada; LFTA and Stalin’s ally, Hitler; Association of Ukrainian Canadians; collecting money for helping USSR during WWII; CUC creation and LFTA; LFTA membership; Workers Benevolent Association (she became a member in 1928 when she was 16); DPs and their impact on LFTA; visit to Ukraine in 1956, official delegation.

Part 3: Visit to Ukraine in 1956; DPs about the USSR; Ukrainian Labor Temple changed its name into Ukrainian Culture Centre; LFTA concerns.

Martiniuk, Frank (Doctor)

Part 1: Born on September 21, 1916 in Chapleau (???), Ontario; his present wife is Jean Bennett (??), was married twice, has 6 children; his parents were from Ternopil’; his father came to Canada just before 1914, settled down in Northern Ontario; eventually moved to Windsor; he is Greek-Catholic; went to public school and High School, attended Ukrainian school classes; he belonged to Ukrainian National Federation and Ukrainian Youth Organization; Fr. Olenchuk was a priest when Fran was an altar boy - St. Vladimir and Olga Ukrainian church in Windsor; Het’mantsi; Orthodox group in Windsor; Frank played in the school orchestra, Harry Pavoroznyk (??) came from Europe; discrimination against Ukrainians - episode with the school principal; went to a Medical school in 1936, graduated in 1942; Danylo Skoropadskyi coming to Windsor; his uncle came after the war, joined UNO; Zorianyi (??) was a President for many years; Zeleniv (??); Communists and Labor Temple in Windsor; MUN (?) Convention in Toronto; UNO branch in Windsor: Taras Martyniuk, Joseph Ievorsky (??), Dosklach (??); Kosar came to Windsor several times; Mr. Hontar’ from Toronto; Senator Yuzyk; Frank’s 40th Anniversary of MUN speech; Pavliuk from UNO; Frank’s contacts with Ukrainians overseas - Veterans Association.

Part 2: During his London medical school time - associated with the Symphony orchestra and Canadian Officers Training Corp, out of Ukrainian life; return to Windsor, got involved in Ukrainian affairs; met Panchuk and Froliak in London; Kushnir in London; Danylo Skoropadskyi; CUC; Dr. Kysylevskyi (??); Tracy Phillips (??); Frank supported Froliak; Fr. Kushnir; coming to Hamilton, getting away from Ukrainian Catholic church; Dr. Pylypiuk in Hamilton, starting a medical practice; DPs coming to Canada; him as a President of the Ukrainian Canadian Committee in 1967-68.

Part 3: Kiries (??), Bohdan Korchewskyi (??); Dr. KLymasz; Pavliuk; Polaznyk in Ukrainian National Federation; Centennial Project, Centennial Book, Shevchenko Foundation covering the expenses; Yaremovych (??) from CUC offered him to be a delegate to Ukrainian World Congress in Toronto - becoming nominated for executive positions; a course on accounting to be a Treasure; English as the language of the Congress financial statement; Frank as the President of the Ukrainian Professional Business Club of Hamilton.

Part 4: Ukrainian-Canadian Veterans Legion Club; Smolskyi (??), Klymasz, Lazarovych; Ukrainian Research Foundation, Steve Pavliuk; Panchuk tried to incorporate all Ukrainian veterans; War Veterans Association for newcomers; 1946 convention of the Ukrainian veterans, Panchuk, John Yuzyk; CUC in Hamilton after WWII; John Olchary (??); Ukrainian-Jewish Foundation (??) - becoming its Chairman through Pavliuk; a publication about contributions of Ukrainians in the WWI and WWII - Kecherovskyi (??) gathering information; a book by Dr. K (??); Ukrainian-Canadian Professional and Business Club in Hamilton started in 1965, Dr. Pylypiuk.

Melnyk, Petro

Part 1: Born on June 26, 1912 in Halychyna (Buchachtskyi povit, village of Spilka (??)), Greek-Catholic; he had 2 brothers and 3 sisters; moskvofily, Tovarystvo im. Kachkovskoho; “Prosvita” in the village; vyzvol’ni zmahannia - Ukrains’ka Halyts’ka armiia; Jews in the village and relations with them; he went to a school in the village first and then a gymnasium in Buchach; in 1933 he finished gymnasium; everyday life during the Depression; theological seminaries; in 1935, he went to the Lviv University, university life and political situation.

Part 2: University life; went to Zagreb to study; student circles in the gymnasium; gymnasium disciplines; Mariis’ka druzhyna (??); he became a member of OUN; Pacification events; rusofil’s’ki nastroi during the WWI, Austrian politics.

Panchuk, Gordon R.B.

Part 1: Born in Saskatchewan in 1915; formation of CUC and its 2 Committees; Het’mantsi; UNO; Bosyi (??); URO (Ukrains’ka Robitnycha orhanizatsia); BUC; SUS; trip of Konovalets’ to Canada; Stechyshyn, Svystun; Lazarovych; Strilets’ka hromada; the Stechyshyn brothers - narodovtsi; Mohyla Institute; Farmars’ke zhyttia; Robitnychi visti; Peter Lazarovych; Ukrains’kyi holos; St. John’s Institute; Savchuk; Svystun; Bishop Teodorovych; Fr. Maievs’kyi ordained by Lypkivs’kyi; church disputes; Pavliuchenko; Kosar; Karpats’ka Ukraina; Mel’nyk (??); Prof. Phillips; Makohin (??); Davydovych from UNO; Kysylevs’kyi.

Part 2: Kosar; Gerych (??); Tracy Phillips; Kushnir; BUC vs SUS; Liha katolyts’kykh zhinok; Korostovyc (??) - Minister of External Affairs for Skoropadskyi; Savchuk; British Imperial investments in Ukraine; Datskiv; UHVR; CUC; DPs; Arsenych, Stechyshyn; Corconal (??) and his book; Korostovic (??); Bosyi; SUS; UNO; Svystun; Constable Petrovsky (??); Zwarych; Iatskovych (??); Panchuk went overseas in WWII; military operations.

Part 3: Datskiv; Ludwig Voitsekhovsky (??); CUC; BUC; Kohut; UPSA (??); Kozicky; Refugee Fund; pastor Kuziv (??); Bishop Buchko (??); Panchuk was in the Intelligence; Korostovic (??); Fr. Savchuk, Fr. Horoshko; Red Cross and Ukrainian-Canadian Relief Fund; Seretiuk (??), an Agricultural expert; Savchuk against Panchuk; Iaremovych (??), the 1st secretary of CUC; Fr. Urbanovych (??) from Winnipeg; CCG(??) people.

Part 4: UCVA (??); Service Club; Emily Panchuk (??); Ms. Kozicky (??); Captain Karasevych (??); Sergeant Voykovskyi (??); Ukrainian-Canadian Service Association; Ex-Servicemen’s Association; Pelekh (??); Strilets’ka hromada; John Yuzyk; helping refugees; Zahariychuk (??) was a het’manets’; Ukrainian student Kliuchevskyi (??); Froliak; Symchych (??); Fr. Kushnir visiting DP camps; CUC; Ukrains’kyi dopomohovyi komitet; Hlynka; Dmytro Andriievs’kyi; Nahnybida (??); Grenko (??); Oparenko; Sal’s’kyi; Shymovs’kyi; Davydovych; John Iarenko (??).

Part 5: Panchuk returning from England to Canada; UCVA (??); Panchuk presenting the Memorandum; Hlynka; Karasevych; Oparenko; Sal’s’kyi; CCG; going to Europe for the second time with a relief mission as its Director; Dontsov; Dmytro Derek (??); Kosar; Kushnir; Halan (??); Korostovic; Kosar was making decisions for Kushnir; CUC, Balan; Datskiv; Filby (??); Daisy (??), a Canadian Ambassador; Kysylevskyi; Boiars’kyi (??).

Part 6: CUC; UNO; BUC; Karpats’ka Ukraina; Koval’s’ka (??); Panchuk; Balan; Yaremovych; Khraplyvyi (??); Ukrainian Bureau (??); Panchuk studying at the University in London; Shtopa (??) from Karpats’ka Ukraina.

Part 7: Consistory of the Ukrainian Orthodox church; refugees; Panchuk; Polikarp (??); Church in London.

Piniuta, Harry

Part 1: Teaching at a Ukrainian Public School in Sandy Lake rural area, Teacher Ranko (Rankovs’kyi) in 1934-35; ; belonged to CUC, Narodnyi Dim; Stratiichuk (??); SUMC; 2nd wave of immigration; UNO, Pavliuchenko; Samostiinyky; Karpats’ka Ukraina; Piniuta was teaching during WWII; Fr. Hrihoriichuk.

Part 2: CUC activities; WWII - Ukrainian Servicemen Association; Panchuk and DPs; Mr. Yaniv (??); commissions in DP camps; after retirement he wrote a book about Ukrainians in Canada.

Part 3: Born on March 1, 1910 in Elphinstone, Manitoba; his father Dmytro came to Canada when he was 16, with his parents and 2 sisters, they landed in Quebec on July 25, 1900; his mother’s name Anna; they were from the village of Lypkivtsi, Husiatyn district (??); Greek-Catholics; school was organized in 1906, primarily a Ukrainian district; school went down in 1922 and they changed its name to Prince Royal School; bilingual school since 1916; his father subscribed to Ukrains’kyi holod and Kanadiis’ki Rusyny; Rus’ka Knyharnia; parokhia Sviatoho Ivana, Fr. Oleksiy, Fr. Riadkevych (??); teacher Ilya Mykytiuk; relations with the Poles; Orthodox Church in his area; Fr. Andrukhovych.

Part 4: His neighbor Mykola Tkachuk (??); Church Hall; Prosvita, plays, occasional speeches; Krushevych (??); Andrusiak (??); completed his High School education in 1929 due to sickness; in 1933-34 worked in a local store owned by a Ukrainian; Ivanchuk (??); Mrs. Zilych (??) - her husband was involved in Ukrainian movement in Brandon; Dnipro Club (about 20 students belonged to it); teachers Hladiuk, Mykytiuk; Tokar; Tymchak (??); Holyk (??); discrimination against Ukrainians.

Primak, Walter

Part 1: Born in 1904, in Volyn’; came to Canada in 1930; his family was Orthodox; his elder brother stayed in the USA for a long time, and came back in 1920, was conscripted into the Russian Army; William served in the Polish Army in 1925-26; went to Canada; hard times during the Depression; Winnipas; threats of deportation; working on farms near Winnipas; moving to Victoria; work at a factory; working in the Capital Iron Company (??); Walter did not go to school in his village; learned Polish alphabet in the army; learned English in Canada.

Part 2: Incomprehensible, not able to hear anything because of the sound quality

Sawchuk, Natasha

Part 1: Nee - Slyva; born on August 25, 1934 in Sudbury, ON; her father was a gold miner, family lived in Beardmore (??), Geraldton (??), Windsor; graduated from the University of Windsor; her husband’s name is Orest; her mother came to Canada from around Ternopil’ in 1921, her father came in 1930 from Boikivshchyna; her father was a professional dancer and had a University degree; her parents married in 1933; father was a member of the Labor Temple; Natasha married in 1962, had a son in 1968; WWII - she knitted scarves for the Army; discrimination against Ukrainians; choir, orchestra, plays in Windsor - choir conductor Korchmarovskyi (??), Nick Stefaniuk; plays: Natalka-Poltavka, Zaporozhets za Dunaiem, etc; mandolin orchestra in Labor Temple; DPs; Shevchenko, Franko concerts; she graduated from the Ontario College of Education; she got fired because she had a divorce in 1961; Ukrainian dance; all her family belongs to UNO.

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