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CIUS oral history project
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Alexewich, Nick

Part 1: Born in Bukovyna; brothers conscripted in WWI, both discharged after sustaining severe injuries; emigrated to Canada in 1925 to Raymore, Sask; Ukrains’ka prohresyvna presa; worked on a farm; moved to Regina, worked on the railroad; Soiuz Samostiinykh Ukraintsiv; narodnyi dim; Robitnyche Zapomove Tovarystvo; Tovarystvo Ukrains’kyi Robitnycho Farmers’kyi Dim; freedom of religion; moved to Holden, AB (1928), worked in a packing plant; Narodnyi Katolyts’kyi Dim; Bratstvo Kanads’kykh Katolykiv, moved to Edmonton, AB, then to Peace River; homesteads; deportation; Liga Farmers’koi Iednosty; cultural and religious tolerance; nationalist Ukrainian Canadian organizations; Ukrainian Canadian organizations who were against war; Soiuz Ukrains’kykh Samostiinykiv; collaboration with other Ukrainian organizations.

Part 2: Was the provincial head of the Tovarystvo Robitnycho-Farmers’kyi Dim in Alberta, post WWI; Edmonton; UNO; narodnyi dim; supported cooperation between all Ukrainians, no matter their political views or religious denominations; radical Ukrainian organizations; Ukrains’ka Armiia WWI; post-WWI immigration from Ukraine to Canada; Drumheller, Crow’s Nest Pass; mining in Alberta, 1930s; Vegreville, Smokey Lake, Ukrainian cultural and sports organizations; Peace River, Highland Park, Rycroft, Blain Lake; Innisfree; educational and cultural exchange trips between Canada and Ukraine; SUMK; Cheremosh; anti-war organizations; Tovarystvo Ob’iednanykh Kanadtsiv; Konhres Kanads’kykh Katolykiv; WWII; Anti-Hitler Coalition; anti-war/determent talks between USA and USSR; Tovarystvo Dopomohy Bat’kivshchyni; national congress for Ukrainian Canadian organizations in the 1940s in Winnipeg; Mackenzie King; Winston Churchill; Theodore Roosevelt.

Part 3: WWII, Hitler vs. Stalin; Vasyl’ Svystun came to Edmonton in 1945 with a public presentation. Aleksievych also heard Mr. Svystun’s public presentations back in 1927 in Regina and in Yahir(?????) in 1928. Svystun was highly educated person and tried to engage others, like Mr. Romaniuk from Edmonton who was a lawer. Aleksievych had a personal conversation with Svystun after his presentation in 1945. Svystun abandoned his old political views by that time (thinking that independent Ukraine was possible should Hitler win) and tried to persuade Ukrainians in that through Prohresyvnyi Rukh. It was the day when Japan capitulated. Aleksievych brought Mr & Mrs Svystun to Smoky Lake for a supposed public presentation at the Narodnyi Dim. Aleksievych’s organization (Tovarystvo ob’iednanykh ukrains’kykh kanadtsiv) benefitted from relations with the Soviet Ukraine (libraries, museums, scientific literature). Saskatoon is culturally related to Chernivtsi. Professor Chernetskyi (???) was against this, but others like Prof Bygin (???) and Prof. Bunio (???) made possible that a monument of Lesia Ukrainka was erected at the campus of the Saskatoon University. Robitnyche Tovarystvo, Tovarystvo ob’iednanykh ukrains’kykh kanadtsiv, and Ukrains’ka Prohresyvna Presa (celebrated its 75 years in November) played a big role in that but never were enemies of Canada, Canadian culture, or Ukrainian people. We (together with the Canadian Red Cross) helped hospitals in Chernivtsi and Lviv by shipping them hospital equipment, money, and foods for children. Aleksievych thanks Liubomyr Lutsiv.
Aleksievych was born in Bukovyna, village of Stavchany on May 15, 1905. Went to the village school at the age of 6. WWI during the school years; Bukovyna was occupied - had to go to the Romanian school; forced Romanization of Bukovyna; Chytal’ni (prosvitni tovarystva) in Bukovynian villages. Aleksievych’s grandfather fled the Tsarist Russian Empire (originally was from near Kyiv). Radykal’nyi rukh na Bukovyni. Three of Aleksievych’s brothers were in an Austrian army. Forced conscription to the Romanian army. Brothers’ fate during the Romanian occupation.

Part 4: Aleksievych is Orthodox Christian. He came to Canada in 1925 (Chernivtsi - Poland - Vienne - Paris - port Sherburg - Halifax (took him 9 days to cross the ocean)). He was 20 y.o. and was traveling together with 4 other peers. Had to bribe a Romanian customer to let them go. In 1927 in Regina Aleksievych became a member of the Tovarystvo. he is still a Communist. Communist Party had a big influence: when in 1930 Tyn Vlad (????) came to Edmonton, 15000 people were awaiting him. To be a communist in Canada is a hard thing, you have to love your people and serve them faithfully. Communism and its purpose. Aleksievych became a member of the Communist Party in 1929 when Leipman (???) from Alberta, who attended a school in Moscow, came in November 1930 with a public speech. People from Peace River reported to the Police that Aleksievych wanted a Revolution in Canada, yet Communist Party was legal back then in Canada. Helping Ukraine during the hunger (which was NOT hand made). Kobzei (???) and Lobai (???) left the Communist Party, and Kobzei wrote about it in the “Kanadiiskyi farmer” and had public presentations; together with Taras Triasyna (???) showed a film in Regina (against the Soviet authorities in Ukraine). Arrests among Communists in Canada. In 1939 Canadian government confiscated the building of his organization and transferred it to the organization of Ob’iednanykh ukrainskykh natsionalistiv. Later on, the building was returned back to them. they nevertheless gave concerts in a German Hall and other Hall. Freeing their fellows from concentration camps. CUC and Communist organization. Lawyers Phillips and Simpson (???) tried to create CUC as a counterforce to Progressive Ukrainian movement. Publishing house in Winnipeg was confiscated but Ukrainski visti continued to be published.

Part 5: New Ukrainski visti and CUC; Kongresovyi Ukrainskyi Komitet (in USA) struggling for power; UNO, Bratstvo katolykiv, Sichovi striltsi. Anton Hlynka went to London and Rome to fight for the newcomers after WWII; deciding which DPs should come to Canada; newcoming DPs chose different Ukrainian organizations; OUN; Hlynka and his attitudes towards Communists; Ivan Iakur (???) was competing against Hlynka (he was a lawyer born in Andrew, AB) to become a Parliment member in Ottawa; Vasyl’ Halina from the Communist Party; Hlynka played a big role in bringing DPs into Canada; DPs strengthened the Nationalists cercles in Canada, but did not harm the Communist ones (though they tried to: put a bomb in a Robitnychyi Dim in Toronto and in Edmonton; attacked meetings).

Andrews, Orest William

Part 1: Born in 1922, in Halychyna; emigrated from Ukraine to Canada in 1930, to Sudbury, ON; discrimination against ethnic minorities in Canada; ethnic gangs; Ukrainian National Federation (UNF) in Ontario; Molodi Ukrains’ki Natsionalisty (MUN) in Sudbury and Toronto; Ukrainian cultural participation in Canada; WWII; Ukrainian communist groups in Sudbury and Toronto; Canadian political parties in the 1930s; Pidzamecky; Stas; Shaneks; Philipchuk; Paul Yuzyk; Pawliuk; Kosar; language use: English and Ukrainian; Konovalets’ assassination in 1938 (Ukrainian movement leader in Ukraine); flying school and parachute jumping courses through MUN; Svarich; attended OCAD; convention at Massey Hall, late 1930s; WWII army service overseas (England, France, Philippines, North Africa); displaced persons in Germany; Amelia Richards (wife); Ukrainian Servicemen’s club in England; Ukrainian guerrilla army; Bandera/Ukrainian nationalists’ split post-WWII; St. Mary’s Ukrainian Catholic Church (Sudbury); Ukrainian Christmas (late 1930s); Greek/Roman Catholicism; Lively, ON; Crayton, ON.

Part 2: Orthodox/Catholic denominations; Banderivtsi; Canadian vs. Ukrainian identity; talks about his children and grandchildren; communists in Crayton, ON; Hetmantsi (Ukrainian) Monarchists in Sudbury; Ukrainian Canadian Veterans Society/Legion in Ontario; soldiers from Sudbury killed in WWII; Eastern vs. Western Ukrainian Canadians; Ukrainians in Sudbury; Connorson; Ukrainian participation in Canadian political parties; Zaiets’ (alderman); Mike Salski (?); UNF; Novyi Shliakh newspaper; Cobalt, ON; Kirken Lake (?); North Bay.

Andriesky, Mitchell J.

Born August 20, 1926 in Kingston. His father came to Canada in 1912 from Kamianets-Podil’s’k, worked in tannery, went back to Ukraine in 1914, married his mother and left her there. She came only in 1925. His father never joined any organizations. The first group of Ukrainians in Kingston worked for the Tan Hightes Company (???). Learned English only when went to school. Small community of Ukrainians in Kingston when Andriesky was growing up but no basic organizations. Had yearly parties like Malanka. Still there was a Ukrainian school in a private house where children learned the language. No Ukrainian church back then, only Roman-Catholic cathedral (in the late 1930s there were 2 of them already). Priest Boreky (???) who later became a bishop. Felt foreigners because of the last name. Most of the Ukrainians were in the city. Had a Jason Farm next to them, there was Braznyky (???) family. Kotovych and Vudiks (???) came in the 1930s, but not much of an immigration to the Kingston area between the wars. Then Nyc Gulka came into town and split the community up, and they started to build a Hall (UNF). Fascists vs Commies camps. Andriesky’s father subscribed to a Ukrainian newspaper. During WWII Andriesky made corvettes. In about 1946-48 the community really polarized: either Fascists or Communists. DPs developed a new Hall. John Sapletynsky (???) was the last treasure of the original Hall (Labor Temple). Andriesky’s organization operated under a warrant of the Ontario Company’s Act. Fred Katovich (???)
Kingston had between 25000-30000 population between the wars, not it is a diverse community. Andriesky is an electronic technician repairing appliances now. Wife - Wilda Helen Andriesky (nee Harker), her mother was German and father was a methodist minister. have no children. Three dancing Ukrainian groups in the community: Maky, Sadochok, The Doors - all run by the Ukrainian-Canadian Club of Kingston that was formed 3 years ago. Andriesky helped to write its Constitution. Liubomyr Lutsiuk was the originator. Tarnowecky (???) married the John Wytyk’s daughter, and started a professional dance group, which now stations in Toronto.

Andruschak, Fedir

Part 1: Was born in Halychyna, Radykhiv povit, on April 14, 1907. He is Orthodox but initially his relatives were probably Catholics. They already had an uncle and grandfather in Canada. His father emigrated in about 1912-1913. His brother was at that time 4 y.o. and sister 2 y.o. Coming via Amsterdam to Halifax. Got some disease during the trip and was held in a quarantine upon arrival. His father died when he was 7. He was adopted by childless relatives, and stayed with them till the end of the school term. There was no Ukrainian schools back then. He became a teacher. Catholics and Orthodox relations. Ukrainian teachers and students. Stechyshyn (???) was a rector of the Orthodox Institute. Hnatyshyn, Matiuk, Dr. Savitsky (???) were his unofficial deputies. Sencus was one of the best friends of Andruschak. Teacher’s responsibilities and curriculum. Church choir.

Part 2: Soiuz ukrainskykh samostiinykiv. Father Pliak (??). Creation of the CUC. Congresses of the CUC. DPs and helping them, and relations with the newcomers.

Andrusyshyn, Natalka

Natalka Andrusyshyn (nee Ostashevs’ka) born on September 25, 1905 in Korcheva, Rava Rus’ka. Came to Canada in 1928. Her brother and husband organized a Chytal’nia in Canada. Her mother died in 1927. Her husband was 10 years older, born in Shchepiatyn. Her brother and husband went to Canada and settled in Montreal, and sent for her. She arrived to Halifax by the boat “Estonia”. On Sheptyts’koho the first pioneers were the Borshchevski. Father John started building a church in 1925-26. Neighbors were Slovaks and Hungarians. Father Lukashuk. Harsh winter life. Moved from Sheptyts’koho 17 years and moved to Vaz D’or in 1946. Sheptytskoho was renamed in 1936 into Castaneda (???) when Frenchmen arrived from Montreal over there and burnt the school and monastery.

IUrii Sup was born on May 6, 1926 100 miles from Montreal. His parents came to Canada in 1907. They had some business in the Old Country but lost it to a fire 3 times, after the 3rd time they left for Canada. They arrived to Sheptytskyi in 1929.

Ivan Smoly was born on 21 March 1908 in Sokal’, village of Hil’tsi (???). Came to Canada in 1927 to a farm in Crydor (???), Saskatchewan (arrived to Halifax by a boat).

Maria Sup-Smoly (sister of Ivan Smoly) born on March 23, 1921. Came to Sheptytskyi in 1929. There was UNO organization in Val D’or and people from Sheptytskyi would come to it (it was organized in about 1935-36). Mr. Mazuryk was its head. There was no Ukrainian church, so that when Father Horoshko would come he would run services in a Hall where an altar would be put (later on Horoshko left for the Orthodox church). Orthodox priest would come: Pareniuk, Skorbnyk, Shchavel’, Tsiupka, Lotytskyi, Zhykhuda(???), Chaika (the current priest). Ukrainian church in Val D’or was built in 1953 under Father Chaika.

Babiuk, John

Born on November 18, 1901 in Bukovyna. Orthodox Christian. Was conscripted in a Romanian army. There were 6 children in the family. His sister was in Canada (in Regina) by the time he returned from the army, and he joined her in 1930. He was a member of the Strilets’ka Hromada (Ukrainian War Veteran Association). Interviewer asks about people from a photo in a book (Kozak, Veselovsky, Kuzyk, Babej, Abramovych, Kukhar, Semiuk, Symotiuk). Orahnizatsia Ukrains’kykh samostiinykiv and its relation to the Strilets’ka Hromada. Het’mantsi and Strilets’ka Hromada. Strilets’ka Hromada owned a Hall. A rift between Bukovynians and Halychynians; Orthodox vs. Greek-Catholics. Samostiinyky used to have a nice Hall and small church.

His wife came to Canada in 1922. Her brothers came to Canada first and brought her over (sending an affidavit). She was born in Bukovyna; Orthodox faith. Worked on a farm.

Bagan, Alex

Was born on ?????? (cannot hear) 14 , 1901 in a village of Peremeliv of the Huchatyns’kyi povit. He is a Greek-Catholic. Had 2 older sisters. After serving in Polish army, came to Canada in 1927. During WWI was fighting in the Halyts’ka Ukrains’ka armiia. Had 4 grades of education (in a village school). He was almost 17 when he was forced to go to the Ukrainian army. Was fighting in Zolochiv, Babyna Hora, Pidhaichyky in 1918. Ran away home from the front. The Poles came and occupied them. He was forced to join the Polish army. He was then near Warsaw in 1922. There was, though, no discrimination against Ukranians in Polish army. He chose to go to Canada because the family had no means to survive. There was his extended family in Canada (left in 1899). He loaned money for the trip from wealthier villagers and had to pay back 70% interest. He made sure not to work on a farm but for a company (only during the Depression he would work on farms). On May 8, 1927 he already came to Edmonton. They did not let them get off in Winnipeg but made them go to Edmonton for an additional price of $7. Was lucky to get a job in a forest. Then work on harvesting. went to Lamont and got a job on a farm of an Englishman; then on a border between Alberta & Saskatchewan. Then worked in Genek (???). Then went to Winnipeg in the fall of 1928. During the Depression he belonged to the Ukrainian organization “KROV” (???)
When was forced to join the Ukrainian Army in 1918 he was charged with desertion, and got 25 beatings.
During the Depression he had multiple little jobs that paid little. He married a Ukrainian woman in 1937.

Bayrak, Mykhailo

Part 1: Born on May 23, 1900 in a village of Hadynki (???) Buchatyn povit (??)
In 1918 was conscripted to an Austrian army. His father was interned by the Poles. Came to Canada in 1926 (his cousin sent him an affidavit from Canada), to Saskatchewan where his cousin was working on a railway. In 1928 he came to Edmonton. In Patfiner (??) was a Narodnyi Dim. In Edmonton, there was Narodnyi Dim and Instytut Hrushevs’koho. Ukrains’ka Strilets’ka Hromada appeared in 1928. Communitsts vs. Sichovi stril’tsi. Bohdan Zelenyi (??) as the first head of Strilets’ka Hromada. UNO was organized in 1932. Colonel Konovalets’ from OUN came to Edmonton in 1928 asking for support. Also, Mel’nychuk visited, Shushko, and several other known personalities. Lawyer Mr. Romaniuk in Toronto had most contacts with Konovalets’. Ridna shkola was organized in about 1931.

Part 2: Avramenko and dance groups; UNO transferring its headquarters to Saskatoon in 1933. ‘Novyi shliakh’; CUC; WWII; helping DPs in camps with parcels; relations with the arriving DPs. Andriy Zhmun’ko (??) from the old immigration, Malynka (??). Volodymyr Kosar.

Behun, Paul

Part 1: Born on June 7, 1927 in Coniston. His father came to Canada in 1913.
Ukrainian community in Coniston. Mr.Khmara, Mr. Veselen’kyi. Fed’ Bihun (??); Iurko Riabyi. The first priest was Vasyl’ Pidpivchak (???). Kaplytsia was built in 1928 when a Catholic church was started being built. Robitnychyi Dim. Father Kominatskyi (???). Mr. Khmara bought the Robitnychyi Dim for $700 so that the building would not be transferred to any other organization outside the community. Discrimination against Ukrainians. Ukrainian women on the Church committee. Father Verats’kyi (???). Father Karapyts’kyi.

Part 2: Father Karapyts’kyi from 1950 through 1970; Ukrains’ke natsional’ne ob’iednannia; Orest Savchyk (??); Father Pryima (??); Father Karakuz (??); Ukrainske Natsional’ne ob’iednannia; CUC; Communists; Father Elatskyi (???); Church life.

Bilecki, Anthony

Part 1: WWII, Poland, USSR, Hitler; Fascism vs Communism; arrest and internment of Bilecki in July 1940; life in the internment camp; some inmates were transferred to Frederickton, some - to Petawawa (??). AUC. WBA. SS Halychyna combatants. League of Liberation of Ukraine.

Part 2: Born in Kolomyia on January 3, 1914. Came to Canada with parents and siblings in 1922. Came to Drumheller, AB. Father worked in a mine; when that was closed the family moved to Montreal. He stayed in Montreal from 1929 till 1936. In 1936 Association of United Ukrainian Canadians (former Ukrainian Labor Farmer Temple Association, ULFTA) provided an educational course in journalism, and Bilecki attended it. Was on an editorial board of People’s Gazette (Ukrainian daily). Demonstrations in 1931 in Montreal against Polish rule in Western Ukraine. Kobzei & Labai. In 1936 he moved to Winnipeg. Classes and teachers at the course that Bilecky attended: Peter Prokop, Hutsuliak (music teacher), Kachmarovskyi (??); life during the course. Prokopchyk (???), Shatulsky and People’s Gazette. People’s Gazette and other Ukrainian papers. Canadian authorities closed the paper during WWII.

Billings, Gregory

Born on January 20, 1933 in Sudbury. His wife Stella (nee Pankiv) was born in Saskatchewan. His father was born in Canada in 1909, mother in 1914. Was a member of the Ukrainian Farmer Labor Temple Association. Ukrainian school - teacher Tymoshevskyi (??). Was involved in a drama club. DPs and their relations with the Labor Temple. National conventions of the UAC in the later 1950s. Organization’s choirs and dance groups.

Boychuk, Alexander

Born on March 22, 1903 in a Ukrainian village of Horodenka. Came to Canada in 1920, to Montreal. Then went back and again came back in 1922, to Montreal again. Worked in a mine in Timmins. In 1930 changed a job (club store???). Communists. Tkatchuk.
His wife is Maria Kunin (??)
Prosvita; DPs

Boyko, Nick

Part 1: Born in October 1887 (???). Came to Canada in 1910. Local Ukrainian Hall named “Zoria”. Financing Pidkarpats’ka Ukraina. Local Catholic priests. Shuns’kyi (???). Ukrainians-Communists. Local churches. Catholics vs Orthodox. Three separate “Prosvita” Societies. UNO. Murder of Petliura in 1926.

Part 2: Hitler and Ukraine’s hopes; DPs; Catholics vs Orthodox.

Boykowich, Michael

Part 1: Born in Saskatoon in 1908; Mohyla Institute; Catholics vs Orthodox; Convention of 1926; Samostiinyky; UNO.

Part 2: UNO; Strilets’ka Hromada; Sheptyts’kyi; Orthodox Church movement.

Bozek, Anna

Nee Kachuriak was born on May 10, 1909. Had 6 siblings. Father was sent to the Siberia for 4,5 years. Her husband went to Canada in 1926 and she joined him in 1932 (travelled from Rotterdam to Halifax). Her husband organized building a Ukrainian church in Timmins (Pashchyn (???), Podolian, Plaskovis (???). Mr. & Mrs. Rysak; Mike Tyshliuk; Mr. & Mrs. Klapushchak as donors) in about 1945. UNO Hall (Roshchyns’kyi (??), Slots’kyi (??)). Orthodox priest had services in the Hall. Communists. ‘Ridna shkola’; Father Horoshko, Motryns’kyi; a fight after selling the Natsional’nyi dim; DPs; discrimination of Ukrainians in the 1930s; Women’s organization.

Bratko, Dan

Part 1: Born on June 22, 1925. His parents came to Canada in 1910. Mother’s maiden name is Lakusta. They were first in the area of Vegreville and Two Hills and father worked in a mine; then they moved to the “East End of Vancouver”. Ukrainian Farmer Labor Temple Association Hall; Ukrainian school; Holodomor as a fiction; UNO.

Part 2: UNO; WWII, internment of the Communist community’s leaders; losing the Hall; Workers Benevolent Association; CUC.

Bukowsky, Nikander

Part 1: Born in 1905. Came to Canada from Volyn’ in 1929; he is Orthodox; came together with his cousin. His father returned from WWI in 1920. Interviewee was making boots for living.

Part 2: Was conscripted in the Polish army; was forced to attend courses while in the army; a special battalion near Warsaw where reserve officers were prepared; his was to Canada: Poland - Germany - Belgium - France - Halifax; had to have $200 in hands; from Halifax to Saskatchewan on a train; Communists; Strilets’ka Hromada, choir; Catholic vs Orthodox communities; Kosaryk (???) as the Head of the Strilets’ka Hromada; UNO.

Part 3: Building the Hall; Vashchuk (???); divochyi hurtok within the Strilets’ka Hromada; Communists as enemies; CUC; polkovnyk Konovalets’, polkovnyk Sushko; UNO; Aktsiia Natsional’noi iednosti in 1932; Ukrains’ke Natsional’ne ob’iednannia Kanady; Het’mantsi; Sichovi Stril’tsi; Ukrains’kyi robitnychyi dim; Senator Yuzyk as a Head of the Ukrains’ki Natsionalisty.

Part 4: Yuzyk and Komitet vidrodzennia UNO; mel’nykivtsi; Sviatoslav Frolyk (???); 1st Congress of CUC in 1943; changes in organizations over time; CUC; Novyi shliakh, Mykhailo Pohorets’kyi (???); changing the headquarters of Novyi shliakh; Kanadiiskyi ukrainets’ in the 1930s; Pavliuchenko (???) was building churches; organizing the 1st ever Ukrains’ka kredytova spilka in 1939.

Burinyk, Wasyl

Part 1: Born on June 29, 1895 in a village of Iamnytsi near Stanislaviv; Greek-Catholic faith; came to Canada in 1912; Kin’ (???Keen???) the politician; Samostiinyky and Ukrainian Orthodox church, ideology of SUS; UNO; Mr. Kosar as ‘Ukrainian Napoleon’; Pavliuchenko; Samostiinyky and Arsenych; Svystun; Bachyns’kyi; Petro Savchuk (???); Stechyshyn; Dr. Kysylevsky (???); Father Samchuk; the name of “Samostiinyky”; Robertson & Sculton (???); Het’mantsi & Samostiinyky; Paterson (???); Burianyk writing a letter to Simmons (??); Saskatoon legion & Saskatchewan Security Corp, in which Burianyk was a Constable; Father Kushnir; Stechyshyn; Father Olenchuk (??).

Part 2: Creating the CUC; Labai; Myroslav Stechyshyn (??); Mykhailo Stechyshyn; Father Udyn (???); Dr. Yatskiv (???); Vasylyshyn; Osyp Nazaruk (???); Mr. Chaika; DPs; CUC; Savchuk (???), Kushnir; Congresses of CUC in the 1940s; Simpson as loyal to the Orthodox SUS; molodshyi SUM & starshyi SUM; women’s section of SUM.

Part 3: SUS support for the UNR;
Burianyk’s wife was from the family of Zaleshchuk, she converted into Orthodoxy; a fight between Budka & Svystun.

CIUS oral history project

  • CA BMUFA 0021
  • Collection
  • 1982-1984

Oral History Project was implemented by the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies in 1982-1984. During that period of time two researchers -- Lubomyr Luciuk and Zenon Zwarycz -- interviewed more than 135 members of the Ukrainian community all over Canada, both immigrants and those already born in Canada. The interviews were digitized in 2014-2016 producing a database of over 400 sound files. The interviews focus on the Ukrainian organizational life both in the Old Country and Canada, as well as political and/or social activities of the interviewees. They also encompass childhood and formative years of each interviewee, their education, family stories, participation in the Ukrainian War of Independence, WWI, routes of emigration to Canada, patterns of settlement within Canada, relations with a broader Canadian society; WWII, DPs, Ukrainian-Canadian institutions, prominent personalities, as well as the religious and political mosaic inside the Ukrainian community in Canada.

Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies

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